In this second article from the Physio interview preparation series, we thought wecould have a look at a specific question from a recent band 5 interview and suggest elements for a possibleanswer, so you could see what sort of stuff interviewers were looking for. We'll go with a MSK question this time.
All articlesfrom the PhysioInterview Preparationblog series››
Be aware that this is only a singleexample of a question and its suggested answer, and depending on the type of job, the place of work, or even the interview panel members, you might need to adapt and/or provide other elements in your answer to get all the points.
If you'd like to know more,see otherquestions and answers, and even have a go at practising them, you can grab our interview preparation packsor book on one of our one-to-one sessions.
MSK specific questions in juniorinterviews tend to focus on:
- Red flags – serious spinal or medical pathology
- Caseload management
- Condition specific questions
- Differential diagnosis
- Peripheral vs spinal
- Condition specific in orthopaedic setting – ward based, post op rehab
- Private setting – slightly different: maintaining CPD, “why you?”
Let's have a look at oneexample and remember to look out for buzzwords.(B)
Okay, here's our question:
You have completed your subjective assessment and objective assessment of a patient complaining of anterior knee pain. You suspect patella-femoral maltracking.What would your management be?What would be your differential diagnosis and how would you diagnose this?
First, wecan see there are two parts in this question. The"management for patella-femoral maltracking" part; and the "differential diagnosis" one. It might sound silly but it'sa smart move to writedown a few words on paper (usually provided) duringthe interview to helpyou remember those two partsand any ideasthat might rush to your head when you first hear the question. It's easy to forget things once you start talking! You can always ask to repeat the question later on as well.
Right, so what would be our management for patello-femoral maltracking?
Well, we could start with thisfor instance:
- Lots of reassurance and education (B):provide the patient with detailed knowledge of the mechanism behind their pain – use knee models and drawings or source some pictures from the web to help the patient visualise exactly what the main cause of their symptoms is. If your patient doesn't get it, you won't get anywhere.
- Pain management (B): advice to seek pain relief or anti-inflammatories from GP or Pharmacist if pain is poorly managed. Tell your patient to try ice 10 minutes a few times a day (not necessarily for swelling, ice can also be an effective and natural pain reliever). If you're dealing with swelling too, think POLICE (Protection, Optimum Loading, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
- Restore normal lower limb biomechanics(B): from your assessment findings, decide what structures you and your patient will work on. Patella femoral maltracking is part of a wider diagnosis affecting the patella-femoral joint: PFPS. PFPS has been long thought to be caused by the patella sitting laterally in the femoral grove underneath it. For quite some time, the only answer to PFPS would be to “strengthen the VMO”, this specific part of the quadriceps muscle which was thought to “pull” the patella medially, back in its grove. Most recent research however shows it’s almost impossible to target the VMO on its own through exercise, and that positive results were likely due to increasing quads strength overall. The problem may not be the patella going outwards but in fact the femur underneath it turning inwards. So working hip external rotators and abductors is usually a good start. Design and provide a home exercise programme for your patient. Start with non-weight bearing exercises if pain levels are high and move onto closed chain exercises, functional exercises later on. Make sure your patient knows how to perform each exercise (and the reason why they're doing them) before they leave. You can use diagrams but also things like filming the patient doing the exercise on their phone, so they can access once at home.
- Graded return to previous sports / activity(B) either in a class or gym setting or independently at home. Assess your patient in function, have a look at how they perform specific movements related to their sport. Progress your exercise programme to include activity-related exercises.
- Promote independence and self-management(B): teach your patient how to progress their exercises independently, tell them what to do once they've finished their programme - lots of patients just suddenly stop once symptoms get better and end up coming back in 6 months’ time because of lack of long-term guidance from the therapist! Remember, self-management is key, especially in a busy NHS department (fewer follow ups and lower re-referral rate)!
Now wecan move on tothe second part of our answer which, if you've followed our advice, should be easy enough with the prompts you've put down on paper.
What would be our differential diagnosis and how would wediagnose this?
We know that patellar maltracking is part of a larger diagnosis called patella-femoral joint syndrome. Other things you would want to rule out would be:
- Meniscal tear or irritation: by palpating the joint line and performing the McMurry’s test for example.
- Hoffa’s fat pad irritation: with the Hoffa’s fat pad test – however this is occasionally seen with maltracking as the maltracking patella ends up compressing the fat pad.
- Patellar tendinopathy: by asking thepatient to contract the quads, palpate the tendon and do a ‘squeeze’ test. As tendons are avascular structures they don’t have pain signals unless there is trauma in a specific area.
- Suprapatellar bursitis: usually a small lump above patella can be palpated, with sharp pain in response.
- Other things you could look at include ligament tears or muscle tears but this would present very differently, and the knee would likelygive way orlock.
- If all fails, reconsider your hypothesisby re-exploring your ‘special questions’ (B) for the knee andruling out possible significant trauma.
Here we go, here's one more question answered and wecan now breathe, have a sip of water, and wait for the next one. Now, I know you feel like "there's no way I can say all this in my answer", and don't worry interviewers know that. Most interviews, especially in the NHS, need to be standardised; to do so, interviewers have a tick list with what they expect you to say in your answer. The more you tick, the more points you get - simples. (This highlights the fact that taking 1 minute to write down your ideas before starting to talk is a pretty damn good thing to do!)
We hope this has helped you gain some insight into what kind of answer interviewers can look for. Remember, this is only one specific example and questions can vary greatly, as well as the type of answers expected from you.
Interview buzzwords (B)
In blog posts from the Physio interview series, you'll see (B) next to some words. These are buzzwords and buzzphrases - stuffthat interviewers are waiting for you to say in your interview, as they help demonstrate your understanding of the topic.
Here's the list of buzzwords and buzzphrases in this article:
- Reassurance and education
- Pain management
- Restore normal gait pattern
- Graded return to previous sports / activity
- Promote independence and self-management
- Knee special questions (give way, lock, click, swells)
MSK interview preparation pack
Our MSK pack designed fornewly-graduated physios or physios applying for band 5 / junior positionsincludes interview questions and answers, key articles and references and top tips for the job, amongst others.
Band 5 interview pack bundle
6interview preparation packs, for less.
Senior / Band 6 MSK interview pack
The same concept as our interview preparation packs for newly-graduates, just specific to senior MSK interviews.
About the author(s)
Nic works as a Senior Physiotherapist both in a busyNHS hospital in East London andprivately. Since he qualified, hehas gained a large amount of experience assessing and treating various conditions, but also meeting and working alongside all sorts of healthcare professionals. He set up QualifiedPhysio with the idea of makingavailable to future and new physios all the advice, guidance and resources he got along the way, tobridge that gap between Uni and their first job.
- Research the organisation and have a few facts at your fingertips.
- Make sure you WANT to work their – your values and beliefs should align with one another.
- Think about potential questions you could be asked and prepare some answers. ...
- Know the job description inside out.
- Why did you become a physiotherapist? ...
- Why do you think you're good at your job? ...
- How do you manage your time effectively? ...
- How do you go about devising a treatment plan? ...
- Are you familiar with the NHS Employers Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF)?
Q1. Tell me about yourself and why you want to become a Physiotherapist? SUGGESTED ANSWER: “I set very high standards as a physiotherapist and this is a profession that I am not only passionate about, but I genuinely want to provide the best treatment and care achievable for my patients.What are red flags in physiotherapy? ›
Red flags are specific attributes derived from a patient's medical history and the clinical examination that are usually linked with a high risk of having a serious disorder like an infection, cancer, or a fracture.What are your strengths as a physiotherapist? ›
What are your strengths and weaknesses when it comes to physical therapy? Responsibility, attention to detail, and communications skills are a good choice for your strengths. Or anything else that matters for the job. Just remember that your words have to correspond with your interview presence.Why do you want to work at MSK? ›
Memorial Sloan Kettering is an innovative and exciting environment to work in. Every day is an experience and what better organization to work for then one of the top cancer centers in the nation! The doctors are brilliant and care about their patients and patients are treated with the up most respect here.What is a SWOT analysis in physiotherapy? ›
Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. A SWOT analysis is a technique we are taught to analyse our performances and evaluate on what we are good at and where we need to improve.What are the weaknesses of a physiotherapist? ›
- Lack Of Supportive Talent Available To Physiotherapists: Physical therapy as a branch of rehabilitative health serves an extensive range of people. ...
- Burn Out/Stress: ...
- Documentation: ...
- Emotional Stress: ...
- Physiotherapists Have To Be Updated With The Trends:
The earliest documented origins of actual physiotherapy as a professional group date back to Per Henrik Ling “Father of Swedish Gymnastics” who founded the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics (RCIG) in 1813 for massage, manipulation, and exercise.Why should we hire you answer physiotherapist? ›
Example: “I want to be able to help patients heal, and focusing on them one-on-one in physical therapy will give me the chance to do that. I'll be able to work directly with them and see their progress as they achieve their goals.”
Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy is a specialised area of physiotherapy treating injuries and conditions which affect the muscles, joints, and soft tissues. Injuries which can be treated by musculoskeletal physiotherapy can include: • Ligament sprains. • Muscle strains.How do you introduce yourself in 5 Minutes interview? ›
First Greet them, 2) start for your full name, 3) your educational with institute name with year of passing, 4) about your work experience what you have mention in your resume from past to present in short sentence, 5) Last your Family, family consist of mother, father, elder/younger, brother/sister.How do you introduce yourself in 5 points? ›
- Dress Appropriately. ...
- Prepare What To Say. ...
- Begin By Greeting the Interviewer. ...
- Include Your Educational Qualifications. ...
- Elaborate on Professional Experience (if any) ...
- Mention Your Hobbies And Interests. ...
- Be Prepared For Follow Up Questions. ...
- Sample 1.
Greet your interviewers and tell your name to start the formal introduction. It is always a good idea to prepare for this most expected question beforehand. Do not hesitate to include some informal, personal information, such as your hobbies, or what you do on weekends.What are the 4 pillars of physiotherapy? ›
- exercise, movement, and rehabilitation.
- manual therapy and therapeutic handling.
- therapeutic and diagnostic technologies.
- allied approaches.
The classic cardinal signs of cervical ischemia, colloquially referred to as the '5Ds and 3 Ns,' also present in the late stage of CAD: diplopia, dizziness, drop attacks, dysarthria, dysphagia, ataxia, nausea, numbness, and nystagmus [19,20].What are yellow flags in physiotherapy? ›
Finding painful experiences unbearable, reporting extreme pain disproportionate to the condition. Having unhelpful beliefs about pain and work – for instance, 'if I go back to work my pain will get worse' Becoming preoccupied with health, over-anxious, distressed and low in mood.
Hands-On Jobs Strengths
- Good at multitasking.
Good with detail. Pick out a skill from the job description, ie “With my strong web design, creative writing, phone skills, etc” , then expand on this strength. Problem Solver. Able to juggle more than one task at a time.What are your strengths best answer? ›
List your skills that match those the employer is seeking. This list can include education or training, soft skills, hard skills, or past work experiences. Narrow down your list to three to five particularly strong skills. Next to each skill, note an example of how you have applied that strength in the past.
MSK is a leader in understanding cancer and developing new ways to diagnose and treat it. Our doctors are currently leading hundreds of clinical trials for pediatric and adult cancers.Is MSK prestigious? ›
Since these prestigious rankings were established more than 30 years ago, MSK has consistently ranked among the top two cancer hospitals in the country.Why do you want to work here at this hospital? ›
Sample answer: "I've always wanted to work with an organization that prioritizes patient care, so I'm thrilled to be here. From my research and conversations with other industry professionals, I know your company also prioritizes high-quality care and patient satisfaction.What are the 4 areas of SWOT analysis? ›
SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats, and so a SWOT analysis is a technique for assessing these four aspects of your business.How do I say SWOT in an interview? ›
- Strengths. The best things about the retailer - the things that hopefully make you excited to join the company! ...
- Weaknesses. These are slightly more negative and need to be dealt with carefully. ...
- Opportunities. ...
Weaknesses. Weaknesses stop an organization from performing at its optimum level. They are areas where the business needs to improve to remain competitive: a weak brand, higher-than-average turnover, high levels of debt, an inadequate supply chain, or lack of capital.What are the 3 main approaches used by a physiotherapist? ›
Three of the main approaches a physiotherapist may use are: education and advice. movement and exercise. manual therapy.What are 3 challenges for the career of physical therapy? ›
- 2020 is here and with it comes new challenges. The physical therapy landscape has changed dramatically in 2020. ...
- Cleanliness. ...
- Telehealth Services. ...
- In-Home Therapy. ...
- Patient Retention. ...
- Practice Management. ...
- Career Development and Growth. ...
- PT Self Care.
Orthopaedic physiotherapy is the most common form of physical therapy. It deals with the broadest range of issues. Sports physiotherapists use orthopaedic therapy to treat sports injuries. Still, we recommend this type of treatment for anybody recovering from surgeries involving their muscles or bones.Can physiotherapist be called Dr? ›
No, Physiotherapists can not use the prefix 'Dr'. The physiotherapists are rehabilitation professionals who are registered with the Rehabilitation Council of India. The Hon'ble Supreme Court of India, in the matter titled as “Poonam Verma versus Ashwin Patel, CA No. 8856/1994 dated 10.05.
- Pehr Henrik Ling.
- Rosalind Paget.
- Mary McMillan.
- Olive Guthrie Smith.
- Enid Graham.
- Berta Bobath.
- Freddie Kaltenborn.
- Geoffrey Maitland.
Answer: The base salary of MBBS is ₹3,00,000 - ₹ 12,00,000 per annum and of Physiotherapy is ₹5,000 - ₹ 4,00,000 per annum.Why you are suitable in this position? ›
This is a great answer as the interviewee mentions important skills in the job description and highlights the success of the business and their part in achieving this success. “I am motivated to perform well but also help others, regardless of the position I am in, I do help others in the team or other departments.Why we choose you for this position? ›
Show that you have skills and experience to do the job and deliver great results. You never know what other candidates offer to the company. But you know you: emphasize your key skills, strengths, talents, work experience, and professional achievements that are fundamental to getting great things done on this position.What motivates me to be a physiotherapist? ›
1. Physiotherapy helps people: Becoming a physiotherapist offers the opportunity for a challenging, rewarding and satisfying career. Physiotherapists make a real difference to the quality of life for their patients, enhancing their health and wellbeing by restoring functional movement. 2.What are 5 examples of musculoskeletal injuries? ›
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
- Muscle / Tendon strain.
- Ligament Sprain.
- Tension Neck Syndrome.
- Thoracic Outlet Compression.
- Rotator Cuff Tendonitis.
They include repetitive strain injuries (RSIs), repetitive motion injuries, cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs), work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), and others.What are 3 musculoskeletal disorders? ›
- joints, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, spondyloarthritis;
- bones, such as osteoporosis, osteopenia and associated fragility fractures, traumatic fractures;
- muscles, such as sarcopenia;
Answer “what is your greatest weakness” by choosing a skill that is not essential to the job you're applying to and by stressing exactly how you're practically addressing your weakness. Some skills that you can use as weaknesses include impatience, multitasking, self-criticism, and procrastination.Can you introduce yourself best answer? ›
Don't just say “so um, my name's Mike and I'm a sales manager.” Your answer should consist of background (what did you study?), top achievements (how do you stand out from the other candidates), and interests (why are you applying for this job?). Structured - Your answer should follow a simple, easy-to-follow format.
- Start by researching the company and your interviewers.
- Dress appropriately for the interview.
- Avoid distractions and keep eye contact.
- Be confident and comfortable.
- Be aware of body language.
- Prepare what to say.
- Rehearse your introduction with a friend.
- I don't think we've met (before).
- I think we've already met.
- My name is ...
- I'm ...
- Nice to meet you; I'm ...
- Pleased to meet you; I'm ...
- Let me introduce myself; I'm ...
- I'd like to introduce myself; I'm ...
Example: "I am ambitious and driven. I thrive on challenges and constantly set goals for myself, so I have something to strive toward. I'm not comfortable with settling, and I'm always looking for an opportunity to do better and achieve greatness. I was promoted three times in less than two years in my previous role."How do I introduce myself in 2 minutes in an interview? ›
General and Short – within a two minute self-introduction speech, you need not tell them your whole life story. Keep it general and short. State your name, your age if you are comfortable, and your course if you are a student and your future goals. The same goes for professionals at work.What do you say in a 1 minute introduction for an interview? ›
Talk about the skills you possess that are needed by the company. Discuss how your past pattern of accomplishments will likely continue with this company. Finally, stress your interest in the company, why you think it would be a great place to work and do so with enthusiasm. Let them know you really want the job!How much does a band 5 physio earn? ›
Starting salaries for qualified physiotherapists (Band 5) range from £27,055 to £32,934. Senior physiotherapists can earn between £33,706 and £40,588 (Band 6). As a clinical specialist/team leader, you can earn between £41,659 and £47,672 (Band 7).What questions will I be asked in an NHS interview? ›
- What Appeals to You About Working in the NHS? ...
- Tell Me About the Core Values of the NHS. ...
- What Are the Current Challenges Facing the NHS? ...
- What Qualities Make a Good NHS Employee? ...
- What Can You Tell Me About How the NHS Operates? ...
- Describe a Time You Have Coped Well Under Pressure.
- Make eye contact with all members of the interview panel. ...
- Smile! ...
- Be clear and concise in your responses.
- Structure your answers with 3 or 4 main points of examples from your own experience.
- Do not assume that the panel know the detail of what is in your application form or CV.
- UrbanClap. 3.8 ₹43,132per month. 76 reviews10 salaries reported.
- Health Care at Home India Pvt Ltd. 3.5 ₹31,371per month. 22 reviews12 salaries reported.
- Peak Performance. 3.9 ₹26,134per month. 54 reviews7 salaries reported.
- W3Global, Inc. 3.1 ₹25,569per month.
- Sports medicine. Physical therapists who specialize in sports medicine treat professional and amateur athletes. ...
- Cardiovascular. ...
- Geriatrics. ...
- Neurology. ...
These are the top skills of a Physiotherapist based on 831 jobs posted by employers.
- Physical Therapy.
My skill set is a perfect match for the job requirements. In particular, my sales skills and managerial experience make me an ideal candidate for the position. For example, at my last job, I managed a sales team of five employees, and we had the top sales record of our company branch.What are the 7 principles of the NHS? ›
- Working together for patients.
- Respect and dignity.
- Commitment to quality of care.
- Improving lives.
- Everyone counts.
- Tell me about yourself.
- Walk me through your resume.
- How did you hear about this position?
- Why do you want to work at this company?
- Why do you want this job?
- Why should we hire you?
- What can you bring to the company?
- What are your greatest strengths?
Read on to learn how the 5Cs: competence, civility, curiosity, credibility, and confidence can improve your practice.What are the 3 best questions to ask in an interview? ›
- Can you tell me more about the day-to-day responsibilities of the role? ...
- How could I impress you in the first three months? ...
- Are there opportunities for training and progression within the role/company? ...
- Where do you think the company is headed in the next five years?
- Preparing for the Big Job Interview.
- Do a Deep Dive in Researching the Company.
- Develop a List of Potential Questions.
- Write Your Answers.
- Record New Questions as You Receive Them.
- Prepare a Resume “Walk Through”
- Be Willing to Do a Case Study.